Andrey Ivanovich Nikolaev (born April 21, 1949) – Soviet and Russian military leader, statesman, army general (1995).
Born April 21, 1949 in Moscow. The officer’s son, his father, Ivan Georgievich Nikolaev (1922-1985), with the rank of colonel-general from the post of first deputy chief of the General Staff of the USSR Armed Forces. Mother – the poetess Elena Dmitrievna Nikolaeva. In 1966 he entered the Faculty of Semiconductor and Electrovacuum Engineering of the Moscow Institute of Electronic Engineering, but after the first year he decided to become an officer. In the Soviet Army since 1967. Graduated from the Moscow Higher Military School named after the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR (1971), the M.V. Frunze Military Academy (1976), the Higher Officer Courses „Shot” named after Marshal of the Soviet Union B.M. Shaposhnikov (1978), the Military Academy of the General Staff of the USSR Armed Forces named after K. E. Voroshilova (1988).
Military service in the USSR
Until 1972, he served as commander of a motorized rifle platoon in the Moscow military district. Since 1972 – commander of a motorized rifle company, since 1976 – commander of a motorized rifle battalion in the Southern Group of Forces in Hungary.
Since 1977 – chief of staff of a motorized rifle regiment, since 1980 – commander of a motorized rifle regiment, since 1982 – chief of staff of a training motorized rifle division, since 1984 – commander of a training motorized rifle division in the Ural Military District. Since 1988 – Chief of Staff – Deputy Commander of the 6th Combined Arms Army in the Leningrad Military District. Since July 1991 – Commander of the 1st Guards Army in the Kiev Military District. He made an amazingly successful military career, three military ranks („captain”, „lieutenant colonel”, „colonel”) received ahead of schedule, which is an extremely rare occurrence in the officer corps.
Military service in Russia
Since February 1992 – Commander of the 11th Guards Army in the North-Western Group of Forces (formerly the Baltic Military District). Since June 1992 – First Deputy Chief of the Main Operations Directorate of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the USSR. Since December 23, 1992 – First Deputy Chief of the General Staff of the Russian Armed Forces.
In July 1993, after the tragic death of Russian border guards at the 12th outpost on the Tajik-Afghan border, President of the Russian Federation Boris N. Yeltsin dismissed the leadership of the Russian border troops. Colonel-General Andrei Ivanovich Nikolaev was soon appointed Commander of the Border Troops – Deputy Minister of Security of Russia. In December 1993, his position was renamed and he became Commander-in-Chief of the Border Troops of the Russian Federation. In December 1994, the Federal Border Service of the Russian Federation was created, at the same time A.I. Nikolaev was its first director. He enjoyed high prestige among the troops and in society. The military rank of General of the Army was awarded by the decree of the President of the Russian Federation of November 17, 1995. In 1994-1997 he was simultaneously a member of the Security Council of the Russian Federation.
In December 1997, another conflict arose between Russia and Georgia over the location of the checkpoint of the Russian border post „Upper Lars”. By order of Nikolayev, the checkpoint of this outpost was moved closer to the Georgian checkpoint to suppress the smuggling of vodka from Georgia (after passing the Georgian checkpoint, cars with smuggled vodka turned off the highway and went deep into Russian territory along country roads). The relocation of the Russian checkpoint cut off this path for them. Immediately, powerful pressure arose on the Russian leadership with a demand to return the Russian checkpoint to its original place from the leadership of Georgia and South Ossetia. Russian President Yeltsin demanded that the checkpoint be returned to its original location. Director of the Federal Border Service of the Russian Federation A.I. Nikolaev refused to carry out this order, went to the place of the conflict, where on the ground in front of the journalists of a number of TV channels he proved the erroneousness of such a decision. Was criticized by Boris N. Yeltsin („Nikolaev! How is that, General?”). As a result, in the same December 1997, he submitted a letter of resignation from the post of director of the Federal Border Service of the Russian Federation, which was satisfied. In June of the following 1998, he was retired from military service. The checkpoint was returned to its original place, and with the outbreak of hostilities in the Chechen Republic in 1999, it was quietly returned to where it should be in the opinion of General A.I. Nikolaev.
While in the reserve, he took up active political activity. In April 1998, he won by-elections to the State Duma of Russia of the second convocation in the Orekhovo-Borisov electoral district of Moscow. One of the founders of the movement „Union of Democracy and Labor” in 1998, the chairman of this movement. In August 1998, together with this movement, he joined the People’s Patriotic Union of Russia.
At the elections of deputies to the State Duma of Russia of the third convocation on December 19, 1999, he was again elected a deputy from the electoral bloc “Bloc of General Andrei Nikolaev, Academician Svyatoslav Fedorov” in the Orekhovo-Borisov single-mandate constituency of Moscow. In the State Duma of the third convocation, he was a member of the „People’s Deputy” group, chairman of the State Duma’s Defense Committee.
He ran for deputies of the State Duma of the Russian Federation of the fourth convocation in December 2003, but was not elected.
In April 2004, he was appointed Assistant to the Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation M. Fradkov on issues of military-technical cooperation; he held this position until September 2007 (dismissed due to the of M. Fradkov’s powers of the Chairman of the Government of Russia). In January 2005, he was awarded the qualification category „Active State Counselor of Russia, Class 2″.
Since October 23, 2008 – Advisor to the General Director of OJSC Concern RTI Systems.
Lives in Moscow. He is married and has two sons.
Author of a series of nonfiction books and memoirs, over 200 publications. Vice-President of the Military Leaders’ Club, Honorary Member of the Academy of Military Sciences of the Russian Federation.
- Order of Merit for the Fatherland, IV degree (1997)
- Order „For Service to the Motherland in the Armed Forces of the USSR” III degree (1981)
- Medal „Dank” (January 22, 1997, Kyrgyzstan) – for contribution to the development and strengthening of cooperation between the Kyrgyz Republic and the Russian Federation and in connection with the 5th anniversary of the formation of the Commonwealth of Independent States
- Commemorative anniversary medal „Manas-1000″ (October 27, 1995, Kyrgyzstan) – for contribution to strengthening friendship and cooperation between the peoples of the Kyrgyz Republic and the Russian Federation
- Frontiers of Russia: Reflections on the Important. – M .: Granitsa, 1998 .– 237 p. – ISBN 5-86436-262-X.
- The Russian Idea and the Common Cause: An Experience of Critical Comprehension of Contemporary Reality. – M .: Prok, 1999 .– 127 p. – ISBN 5-89799-001-8.
- Russia at a turning point: Thoughts on the most important and painful. – 2nd ed. – M .: Contemporary writer, 1999 .– 397 p. – ISBN 5-265-03460-9.
- Notes of a Russian general. Book. 1-2. – M .: Krasnaya Zvezda, 2010 .– ISBN 978-5-94691-411-6.
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